Friday, August 10, 2012

A DRESS FOR THE BEGGAR ?



Since 4 years ago I thought that there was an unavoidable incompatibility between the spectral model and experiment. I wrote a post in this blog to explain the problem, on August 4 of 2008, as soon as the Higgs mass of around 170 GeV was excluded by the Tevatron. Now 4 years have passed and we finally know that the Brout-Englert-Higgs particle exists and has a mass of around 125 Gev. In the meantime the problem of this discrepancy in the Higgs mass seemed very hard to resolve and this certainly slowed down quite a bit the interest in the spectral model since there seemed to be no easy way out and whatever one would try would not succeed in lowering the Higgs mass. The reason for this post today is that this incompatibility has now finally been resolved in a fully satisfactory manner in a joint work with my collaborator Ali Chamseddine,  the paper is now on arXiv at http://fr.arxiv.org/pdf/1208.1030

What is truly remarkable is that there is no need to modify the spectral model in any way, it had already the correct ingredients and our mistake was to have neglected the role of a real scalar field which was already present and whose couplings (with the Higgs field in particular) were already computed in 2010 as one can see in http://fr.arxiv.org/pdf/1004.0464
This completely changes the perspective on the spectral model, all the more because the above scalar field has been independently suggested by several groups  as a way for stabilizing the Standard Model in spite of the low experimental Higgs mass. So, after this fruitful interaction with experimental results, it is fair to conclude that there is a real chance that the spectral approach to high energy physics is on the right track for a geometric unification of all known forces including gravity.
A few words about the picture, the metaphor of the Standard Model as a beggar with a diamond in its pocket was suggested by Daniel Kastler a long time ago, so this explains the character on the right. The character on the left wears the symbols of NCG, ingredients of spectral nature which allow one to reconstruct the geometry from gravitational observables such as the spectrum of the Dirac operator, and to write down the action of the Standard Model coupled to gravity.

3 comments:

Andre Layman said...

Fascinating and intriguing: I can't go into the details of the standard spectral model (SSM), but some naive questions come to my mind:
Why the dilaton has not been discovered? Since SSM predict a mass of less than 10 ^ -6 ev (cf. hep-th/0512169v3.pdf).
What is the prediction of the mass of the singlet?
Are there any possibilities that the LHC will confirm or refute the SSM?

cb said...

Bravo M. Connes to pursue you and your collaborators and "followers" the patient and difficult "distillation" of the standard model in the alembic of non-commutative geometry while experimental physicists at LHC and over the seas accomplish their own meticulous "vendange" (harvesting) of facts about elementary particles. I hope the "récoltes" (harvest) of new theoretical results with an experimental validation linked to the first uncovered scalar field (the Higgs) will help improve our understanding of gravity on very large spatial and time scales ! Last but not least I wish to thank you for sharing with us some of your feelings (enthusiasm and doubt) as well as your ideas in blog, videos, seminars and conferences. They are indispensable and invaluable "semailles" (sowing) for the future of fundamental physics …

Hamid said...

"A dress for the beggar," can possibly spring from a reasonable obstruction to a geometric theorem proving why the beggar with his diamond in his pocket can be sitting, under a tree (or not), day after day, month after month, year after year totally undisturbed. It is as if it matters not to him why there is a day or night, a month, or a year as if the question is taken too much for granted although it is too obvious that it is so. Thus, can we conclude that NCG and the standard model is possibly used to revitalize the beggar's heart in a case of emergency?